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Glycol ethers



Glycol ethers are a group of solvents based on alkyl ethers of ethylene glycol, also sometimes called Cellosolve. These solvents typically have higher boiling point, together with the favorable solvent properties of lower molecular weight ethers and alcohols. The original glycol ether is ethyl cellosolve.

Additional recommended knowledge

Glycol ethers can be also derived of diethylene glycol (carbitols). Acetates of glycols are a similar kind of potent solvents.

Glycol ether solvents include:

  • Ethylene glycol monopropyl ether (2-propoxyethanol, CH3CH2CH2OCH2CH2OH)
  • Ethylene glycol monoisopropyl ether (2-isopropoxyethanol, (CH3)2CHOCH2CH2OH)
  • Ethylene glycol monobutyl ether (2-butoxyethanol, CH3CH2CH2CH2OCH2CH2OH), a widely used solvent in paintings and surface coatings, cleaning products and inks
  • Ethylene glycol monophenyl ether (2-phenoxyethanol, C6H5OCH2CH2OH)
  • Ethylene glycol monobenzyl ether (2-benzyloxyethanol, C6H5CH2OCH2CH2OH)
  • Diethylene glycol monomethyl ether (2-(2-methoxyethoxy)ethanol, methyl carbitol, CH3OCH2CH2OCH2CH2OH)
  • Diethylene glycol mono-n-butyl ether (2-(2-butoxyethoxy)ethanol, CH3CH2CH2CH2OCH2CH2OCH2CH2OH)


Dialkyl ethers:

  • Ethylene glycol diethyl ether (diethoxyethane, CH3CH2OCH2CH2OCH2CH3)
  • Ethylene glycol dibutyl ether (dibutoxyethane, CH3CH2CH2CH2OCH2CH2OCH2CH2CH2CH3)


Esters:

  • Ethylene glycol methyl ether acetate (2-methoxyethyl acetate, CH3OCH2CH2OCOCH3)
  • Ethylene glycol monethyl ether acetate (2-ethoxyethyl acetate, CH3CH2OCH2CH2OCOCH3)
  • Ethylene glycol monobutyl ether acetate (2-butoxyethyl acetate, CH3CH2CH2CH2OCH2CH2OCOCH3)
 
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Glycol_ethers". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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