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Granophyre (pronounced /ˈgrænoʊfaɪr/, from granite and porphyry) is an igneous rock that contains quartz and alkali feldspar in characteristic angular intergrowths such as those in the accompanying image.   The texture is called granophyric. The texture can be similar to micrographic texture and to the coarser graphic intergrowths of quartz and alkali feldspar common in pegmatite. These textures document simultaneous crystallization of quartz and feldspar from a silicate melt at the eutectic point, perhaps in the presence of a water-rich phase.

Granophyres typically are intrusive rocks that crystallized at shallow depths, and many have compositions similar to those of granites. A common occurrence of granophyre is within layered igneous intrusions dominated by rocks with compositions like that of gabbro. In such occurrences, the granophyre may form as an end product of fractional crystallization of a parent mafic magma, or by melting of rocks into which the mafic magma was emplaced, or by a combination of the two processes.

See also

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Granophyre". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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