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Gustav Rose (March 18, 1798 - July 15, 1873) was a German mineralogist who was a native of Berlin. He was a graduate of the University of Berlin, where he later became a professor of mineralogy. In 1856 he became director of the Royal Mineralogical Museum in Berlin, and from 1863 until his death he was president of the German Geological Society. He was a brother of mineralogist Heinrich Rose (1795-1864), the son of pharmacologist Valentin Rose (1762-1807), and the father of noted surgeon Edmund Rose (1836-1914).
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Gustav Rose made several important contributions in the study of crystallography and petrography. He is remembered for his research of meteorites and his investigations of chondrules. With Gustav Tschermak von Seysenegg (1836-1927) and Aristides Brezina (1848-1909), the "Rose-Tschermak-Brezina classification" system of meteorites is derived. In 1829 with Alexander von Humboldt (1769-1859) and Christian Gottfried Ehrenberg (1795-1876), he took part in a scientific expedition throughout Imperial Russia, where he performed mineralogical studies in the Altai and Ural Mountains, as well as in the region of the Caspian Sea.
A rose-colored mineral named roselite is named after him, and he is credited with the discovery of perovskite, which is named in honor of Russian mineralogist Lev Aleksevich von Perovski (1792-1856).
|This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Gustav_Rose". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.|