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Hormonal imprinting

Hormonal imprinting (HI) is a phenomenon which takes place at the first encounter between a hormone and its developing receptor in the critical periods of life (in unicellulars during the whole life) and determines the later signal transduction capacity of the cell. The most important period in mammals is the perinatal one, however this system can be imprinted at weaning, at puberty and in case of continuously dividing cells during the whole life. Faulty imprinting is caused by drugs, environmental pollutants and other hormone-like molecules present in excess at the critical periods with life-long receptorial, morphological, biochemical and behavioral consequences. HI is transmitted to the hundreds of progeny generations in unicellulars and (as proved) to a few generations also in mammals.


  • Csaba, G. (1994). "Phylogeny and ontogeny of chemical signaling: origin and development of hormone receptors.". International Reviews of Cytology 155: 1-48.
  • Csaba, G. (2000). "Hormonal imprinting: Its role during the evolution and development of hormones and receptors.". Cell Biology International 24: 407-14.
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Hormonal_imprinting". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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