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Insulin index

The Insulin Index is a measure used to quantify the typical insulin response to various foods. The index is similar to the Glycemic Index and Glycemic Load, but rather than relying on blood glucose levels, the Insulin Index is based upon blood insulin levels. This measure can be more useful than either the Glycemic Index or the Glycemic Load because certain foods (e.g., lean meats and proteins) cause an insulin response despite there being no carbohydrates present, and some foods cause a disproportionate insulin response relative to their carbohydrate load.

Holt et al. have noted that the glucose and insulin scores of most foods are highly correlated, but high-protein foods and bakery products that are rich in fat and refined carbohydrates "elicit insulin responses that were disproportionately higher than their glycemic responses." They also conclude that insulin indices may be useful for dietary management and avoidance of non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus and hyperlipidemia.

See also


  • SH Holt, JC Miller, and P Petocz, An insulin index of foods: the insulin demand generated by 1000-kJ portions of common foods, Am J Clin Nutr 1997 66: 1264-1276 Am J Clin Nutr PubMed abstract
  • Insulin Index By David Mendosa
  • Mäkeläinen, H, The effect of β-glucan on the glycemic and insulin index, European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 6 December 2006

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Insulin_index". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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