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Integron



An integron is a gene capture system found in plasmids, chromosomes and transposons. Pieces of DNA called gene cassettes can be incorporated, expressed, and disseminated.

Additional recommended knowledge

An integron with a large number of cassettes may be called a super-integron, as in Vibrio cholerae. A cassette may encode genes for antibiotic resistance, although most genes in integrons are uncharacterized. An integron contains an integrase related to those of a phage, an attI site for integration of cassettes, and a promoter to drive expression. An integron may appear in a plasmid or on the chromosome. An attC sequence (also called 59-be) is a repeat that flanks cassettes and enables cassettes to be integrated at the attI site, excised and undergo horizontal gene transfer.

Further reading

  • Journal of Bacteriology, June 2002, p. 3017-3026, Vol. 184, No. 11 article Characterization of the Class 3 Integron and the Site-Specific Recombination System It Determines
  • NCBI Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 1998 Dec;42(12):3053-8. article Class 1 integron-borne multiple-antibiotic resistance carried by IncFI and IncL/M plasmids in Salmonella enterica serotype typhimurium

Sources

  • Medical terms
 
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Integron". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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