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Knife making

For more information, see the Knife article.

Knife Making is the process of manufacturing a cutting instrument by any one or a combination of processes: metal removal (also known as stock removal), forged to shape, Damascus (welded lamination) or cast. Typical metals used come from the carbon steel, tool, or "stainless" steel families. Some of the more exotic or primitive knives may be made from bronze, brass or iron. Other knife materials may include various stones such as obsidian or flint.


Materials for Blades

Different steels are suited to different applications. It is a tradeoff between hardness, toughness, edge retention, price, and corrosion resistance, achievable sharpness, Also the difficulty of working with the material must be taken into account. Some examples of extremes:

  • Obsidian can achieve a nearly molecular edge (high achievable sharpness) and only requires stone age technology to work, but is so brittle that it cannot maintain that sharpness for very long. Also the entire blade is very easy to break by accident.
  • The newest powder metallurgy steels can be made very hard, but can quickly wear out abrasives and tooling.

Initial Shaping


Forge Anvil Hydraulic Press

In forging, the metal heated to high temperature in Forge and pounded against an Anvil to achieve the shape, often %90 done. Steel can be folded either to form decorative pattern welded steel or to refine raw steel, as the Japanese call it, tamahagane. Grain size should be kept at a minimum and growth is easily occurring in forging.


In mass production or well equipped shops blanking can be done. This is done with a number of methods, depending on the thickness and the alloy of steel to be cut. Thinner, low alloy blanks can be stamped from sheet. More difficult, or higher production jobs can be done with cnc water jet cutters, lasers or electron beam cutting. These two lend themselves towards larger custom shops.

Knifemakers will sometimes contract out to a shop with the above capabilities to do blanking. For lower production makers, or lower budgets, other methods must suffice. Knifemakers may use many different methods to profile a blank. These can include hacksaws, files, belt grinders, wheel grinders, oxy-acetylene torches, or any number of other methods depending on budget.


Initial grinding

If no power equipment is available, this can be done with files if the piece of steel has not yet been hardened. Grinding wheels, or small belt sanders are usually what a beginner uses. Well equipped makers usually use a large industrial belt grinder, or a belt grinder made specifically for knifemaking.

Heat Treatment

Blade Finishes

The finish quality of the blade is determined by the Grit of the finishing grind. These can range from a low-shine 150-250 grit finish to a mirror-shine accomplished with a Japanese water-stone, which has an approximate grit of 10,000-12,000. Most high quality manufactured knives have about an 8000 grit finish.

Handle Materials

Paracord wrap is used occasionally.[1] It is common on fixed blade Strider Knives.[2]


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This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Knife_making". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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