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Lactobacillus brevis

Lactobacillus brevis
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Bacteria
Division: Firmicutes
Class: Bacilli
Order: Lactobacillales
Family: Lactobacillaceae
Genus: Lactobacillus
Species: L. brevis
Binomial name
Lactobacillus brevis

Lactobacillus brevis (sometimes identified as L. hilgardii) is a species of lactic acid bacteria. It can be found in many different environments and in fermented foods such as sauerkraut and pickles. It is also one of the most common causes of beer spoilage. Ingestion has been shown to improve human immune function, and it has been patented several times. [1]

L. brevis is one of the major Lactobacillus species found in tibicos grains (aka water kefir grains), and has been identified as the species responsible for the production of the polysaccharide (dextran) that forms the grains. Major metabolites of L. brevis include lactic acid and ethanol. Strains of L. brevis and L. hilgardii have been found to produce the biogenic amines tyramine and phenylethylamine.


  • Tasli L, Mat C, De Simone C, Yazici H (2006). Lactobacilli lozenges in the management of oral ulcers of Behcet's syndrome. Abstract
  • Linsalata M, Russo F, Berloco P, Caruso ML, Matteo GD, Cifone MG, Simone CD, Ierardi E, Di Leo A (2004). The influence of Lactobacillus brevis on ornithine decarboxylase activity and polyamine profiles in Helicobacter pylori-infected gastric mucosa. Abstract
  • Avall-Jaaskelainen S, Lindholm A, Palva A (2003). Surface display of the receptor-binding region of the Lactobacillus brevis S-layer protein in Lactococcus lactis provides nonadhesive lactococci with the ability to adhere to intestinal epithelial cells. Abstract
  • Di Marzio L, Russo FP, D'Alo S, Biordi L, Ulisse S, Amicosante G, De Simone C, Cifone MG (2001). Apoptotic effects of selected strains of lactic acid bacteria on a human T leukemia cell line are associated with bacterial arginine deiminase and/or sphingomyelinase activities. Abstract
  • Moreno-Arribas V, Torlois S, Joyeux A, Bertrand A, Lonvaud-Funel A (2000). Isolation, properties and behaviour of tyramine-producing lactic acid bacteria from wine. Abstract
  • Kishi A, Uno K, Matsubara Y, Okuda C, Kishida T (1996). Effect of the oral administration of Lactobacillus brevis subsp. coagulans on interferon-alpha producing capacity in humans. Abstract
  • D Sohier, J Coulon, A Lonvaud-Funel (1999). Molecular identification of Lactobacillus hilgardii and genetic relatedness with Lactobacillus brevis. Abstract
  • Pidoux (1988). The microbial flora of sugary kefir grain (the gingerbeer plant): biosynthesis of the grain from Lactobacillus hilgardii producing a polysaccharide gel. Abstract
  • Moinas, Horisberger, Bauer (1980). The structural organization of the Tibi grain as revealed by light, scanning and transmission microscopy. Abstract
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Lactobacillus_brevis". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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