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Iron alloy phases

Austenite (γ-iron; hard)
Cementite (iron carbide; Fe3C)
Ledeburite (ferrite - cementite eutectic, 4.3% carbon)
Ferrite (α-iron, δ-iron; soft)
Pearlite (88% ferrite, 12% cementite)

Types of Steel

Plain-carbon steel (up to 2.1% carbon)
Stainless steel (alloy with chromium)
HSLA steel (high strength low alloy)
Tool steel (very hard; heat-treated)

Other Iron-based materials

Cast iron (>2.1% carbon)
Wrought iron (almost no carbon)
Ductile iron

  In iron and steel metallurgy, Ledeburite is the eutectic that results when some forms of molten steel solidify.

It is named after the metallurgist Karl Heinrich Adolf Ledebur (1837-1916). He was the first professor of metallurgy at the Bergakademie Freiberg. He discovered ledeburite in 1882.

Ledeburite arises when the carbon content is between 2.06% and 6.67%. The eutectic mixture is 4.3% carbon. Its melting point is 1147°C. At 4.3% carbon the metal becomes 100% ledeburite. Ledeburite is a phase mixture, of austenite and cementite.

Ledeburite has two forms: Ledeburite I and Ledeburite II.

Ledeburite I (close below 1147°C) is made of austenite and cementite.

Ledeburite II (at ambient temperature) is composed of cementite I with recrystallized secondary cementite (which separates from austenite as the metal cools) and (with slow cooling) of pearlite. The pearlite results from the eutectoidal decay of the austenite that comes from the Ledeburite I at 723°C. During faster cooling, bainite can develop instead of pearlite, and with very fast cooling martensite can develop.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Ledeburite". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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