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Leonid Andrussow (*28. November 1896 in Riga; †15. December 1988 near Paris) was a German chemical engineer. He developed the process for the production of hydrogen cyanide based on the oxidation of ammonia and methane.
Additional recommended knowledge
Leonid Andrussow was born in Riga, the capital of Latvia. His father Woldemar was lawyer, his mother was named Caroline Ulmann. They had 9 children. The name “Andrussow“ is probably a Russian derivation of the Swedish name “Anderson“. He graduated in chemical engineering at the University of Riga. During the Russian Revolution he fought against the communists. After being caught he was delivered to a cheka-prison in Moscow. He was released probably due to the influence of relatives in Germany. He went to Berlin-Charlottenburg (Germany) where he earned a doctorate in chemistry under Walter Nernst. 1927 he started working at BASF, then I.G. Farben, in Ludwigshafen and lived in the neighbouring city of Mannheim across the River Rhine. From 1946 on he lived in Grenoble, France and later in Paris. Form 1975 to 1981 he went back to Mannheim but returned later to Paris. He died near Paris at the age of 92 years.
The energy needed for the reaction is provided by the part oxidation of methane and ammonia.
|This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Leonid_Andrussow". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.|