My watch list  

Leopold Rügheimer

Leopold Rügheimer (May 5, 1850 - May 24, 1917) was a notable German chemist whose name is connected to the Staedel-Rügheimer pyrazine synthesis, a reaction that was discovered by himself and Wilhelm Staedel. Rügheimer was born in Walldorf (near Meiningen) in 1850 as the son of a merchant. He studied at the universities of Leipzig, Würzburg and Tübingen. He died in Kiel in 1917 after a successful academic career.


Rügheimer's professional career:

1873 Promotion at the University of Tübingen
1875 Assistant at the Chemical Institute of Leiden University
1877 Assistant at the Chemical Institute of the University of Kiel
1889 Position as Professor ordinarius or physical and pharmaceutical chemistry at the university of Kiel

Scientific contributions:

  • Published an article together with Wilhelm Staedel concerning the synthesis of pyrazines by reacting α-haloketones with ammonia. This procedure is now known as the Staedel-Rügheimer pyrazine synthesis.
  • First synthesis of tropic acid in 1880, together with Albert Ladenburg.
  • First synthesis of piperine (1882).

See also

  • Staedel-Rügheimer pyrazine synthesis


  • W Pötsch. Lexikon bedeutender Chemiker (VEB Bibliographisches Institut Leipzig, 1989) (ISBN 3-323-00185)
  • E von Lippmann. Zeittafeln zur Geschichte der organischen Chemie (Julius Springer, 1921)
  • A J Humphrey, D O'Hagan. Tropane alkaloid biosynthesis. A century old problem unresolved. Nat. Prod. Rep. 18 (2001) 494-502 (doi:10.1039/b001713m)
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Leopold_Rügheimer". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
Your browser is not current. Microsoft Internet Explorer 6.0 does not support some functions on Chemie.DE