Description: The work's subtitle was "An Attempt to Explain the Former Changes of the Earth's Surface by Reference to Causes now in Operation", and this explains Lyell's impact on science: he was, along with the earlier John Playfair, the major advocate of the then-controversial idea of uniformitarianism, that the earth was shaped entirely by slow-moving forces acting over a very long period of time. This was in contrast to catastrophism, a geologic idea that went hand-in-hand with the age of the earth suggested by biblical chronology. In various revised editions (twelve in all, through 1872), Principles of Geology was the most influential geological work in the middle of the 19th century, and did much to put geology on a modern footing.
W.H. Freeman, 1966, Library of Congress Catalog Card # 66-16380
Description: Spectacular air photos of geological features, mostly in the western US.
Importance: "The one geology book that I'd preserve if an asteroid were approaching and all of geological knowledge were to be wiped out. Simply put, I don't think I've ever seen a book that communicates so much information, and trains the reader so well, while still being a joy to read." -- Marek Cichanski, Geology Instructor, De Anza College, Cupertino, California.
Subtitle: A source for regional and global geology, geochemistry, geophysics, and mineral resource maps and data, by US Geological Survey
(accessed June 25 2006; page last revised 31 May 2006)
Description: This is the portal for a basic tool for finding information on the location and characteristics of almost all known mineral deposits in the United States, with some information on major mineral deposits worldwide.
Importance: A key online mineral-resource database for economic geology
Ore Deposits of the United States, 1933-1967: the Graton-Sales volume
Editor John D. Ridge
AIME, New York, 1968. Two volumes.
Description: Descriptions of major ore deposits. Updates the earlier Lindgren volume.
Importance: A basic reference work for all economic geologists
Engineering Geology: Rock in Engineering Construction
Author: Richard E. Goodman
John Wiley and Sons, New York, 1993
Engineering Geology for Civil Engineers
Oxford &IBH publishers, 1996, India
Description: Essential points of fundamental geology and their application to Civil Engineering are covered in initial chapters. Exclusive chapters are devoted to weathering of rocks,soils, geological work of rivers, oceans, groundwater; earthquakes and seismic hazards,site investigation techniques for civil engineering constructions, dams and reservoirs, tunnels, landslides , buildings, bridges and environmental geology. Illustrative case histories and examples are cited. Thought questions and supplementary questions are included to help students.
Importance:This book is intended to help the students of Civil Engineering who wish to specialise in practising geology in Civil Engineering. The main objective of the book is to develop deeper interest into geological aspects of Civil Engineering works. This book provides a common ground of knowledge and understanding to the instructors as well as students to build up technical and professional skill necessary for applying geology in Civil Engineering practice.
Victor Moritz Goldschmidt: Father of Modern Geochemistry
Author: Brian Mason
Map Projections - A Working Manual.
Author: Snyder, J. P.
U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1395 (Book), 1987.
Report on the Geology of the Henry Mountains
Author: Grove Karl Gilbert
U.S.G.S. Professional Paper, 1877
The Solid Earth: An Introduction to Global Geophysics, by C.M.R. Fowler, published by Cambridge University Press - provides a broad and largely non-mathematical introduction to global geophysics.
Geodynamics by Donald L. Turcotte and Gerald Schubert, published by Cambridge University Press - provides a mathematical account of the geophysical processes occurring within the outer ~100 km of the Earth.
Theoretical Soil Mechanics
Author: Karl von Terzaghi
John Wiley and Sons, New York, 1943
The Public Fountains of the City of Dijon.
Author: Henry Darcy, English translation by Patricia Bobeck
Description: A detailed look at sedimentary environments and the deposits they produce.
Importance: advanced reference
Principles of Sedimentology and Stratigraphy
Author: Sam Boggs, Jr.
De solido intra solidum naturaliter contento dissertationis prodromus
Author: Steno, Nicolaus (Stensen, Niels),
Firenze, 79p, 1669.
Einleitung in die Geologie als historische Wissenschaft. Beobachtung über die Bildung der Gesteine und ihrer organischen Einschlüsse
Author: Walther, Johannes,
G. Fischer, Jena, 1055p, 1893.
Folding and fracturing of rocks
Author: J. G. Ramsay
The Evolution of the Igneous Rocks
Author: Norman L. Bowen
Importance: breakthrough, influence
Metamorphic Phase Equilibria and Pressure-Temperature-Time Paths
Author: Frank S. Spear
Presents the thermodynamic basis for modern, quantitative petrology and systematically reviews metamorphism for most rock types.
Quantitative Seismology, 2nd Edition
Author: Keiiti Aki, Paul G. Richards
University Science Books, 2002
Description: Chapters outline basic theorems in dynamic elasticity, representation of seismic sources, elastic waves from a point dislocation, plane waves in homogeneous media and their reflection and transmission at a plane boundary, reflection and refraction of spherical waves; Lamb's problem, surface waves in a vertically heterogeneous medium, free oscillations of the Earth, body waves in media with depth-dependent properties, the seismic source: kinematics, the seismic source: dynamics, and principles of seismometry
Importance: This is the basic textbook used by theoretical seismologists
Encyclopedia of Volcanoes
Author: Haraldur Sigurdsson, Bruce Houghton, Stephen R. McNutt, Hazel Rymer, John Stix - Editors