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Lyoluminescence refers to the emission of light while dissolving a solid into a liquid solvent. It is actually a form of chemoluminescence. The most common lyoluminescent effect is seen when solid samples which have been heavily irradiated by ionizing radiation are dissolved in water. The total amount of light emitted by the material increases proportionally with the total radiation dose received by the material up to a certain level called the saturation value.
Additional recommended knowledge
Many gamma-irradiated substances are known to lyoluminesce; these include spices, powdered milk, soups, cotton and paper. While the broad variety of materials which exhibit lyoluminescence confounds explanation by a single common mechanism there is a common feature to the phenomenon, the production of free radicals in solution. Lyoluminescence intensity can be increased by performing the dissolution of the solid in a solution containing conventionally chemoluminescent compounds such as luminol. These are thus called lyoluminescence sensitizers.
The idea that free radicals underlie the production of light was confirmed in a paper (title: "Lyoluminescence characteristics of trehalose dihydrate") published in the journal Applied Radiation and Isotopes in 2001 by a group at the Bhabha Atomic Research Centre in Trombay, Mumbai, India.
|This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Lyoluminescence". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.|