To use all functions of this page, please activate cookies in your browser.
my.chemeurope.com
With an accout for my.chemeurope.com you can always see everything at a glance – and you can configure your own website and individual newsletter.
 My watch list
 My saved searches
 My saved topics
 My newsletter
Mass excess
The mass excess of a nuclide is the difference between its mass number and its actual mass. ^{[1]} It is not the same as binding energy, although the concepts are related.^{[2]}It is a useful quantity when deciding whether a radioactive decay will occur and, if it does, how much energy will be released. Radioactive decay processes will only occur if the mass excess of the products is less than the mass excess of the parent nuclide. Additional recommended knowledgeThe difference between the mass number and actual mass arises from the massenergy equivalence E=mc². When two nucleons come together, the potential energy between them due to the strong nuclear force is converted to mass. Qualitatively, if a nuclide has a high mass excess, this indicates that the nucleus is tightly bound. ExampleConsider the nuclear fission of ^{236}U into ^{92}Kr ^{141}Ba and three neutrons. ^{236}U → ^{92}Kr + ^{141}Ba + 3 n The mass number of ^{236}U is 236 u (atomic mass units), but the actual mass is 236.045563 u, so the mass excess is − 0.045563 u. Calculated in the same manner, the mass excess for ^{92}Kr, ^{141}Ba, and a neutron are − 0.073843 u, − 0.085588 u and 0.0086648 u, respectively. The mass excess of the reactant is − 0.045563 u, and the mass excess of the products is − 0.073843 + ( − 0.085588) + 3 * (0.0086648) = − 0.1334366 The difference between reactants and products is − 0.1334366 − ( − 0.045563) = − 0.0878736 u, which shows that the mass excess of the products is less than that of the reactants, and so the decay can occur. The resulting difference in mass excess can be converted into energy using 1 u = 931.502 MeV/c², yielding 81.8544 MeV. References


This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Mass_excess". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia. 