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Mellite, also called honeystone, is an unusual mineral being also an organic chemical. Chemically identified as an aluminium salt of mellitic acid; that is, aluminium benzene hexacarboxylate hydrate, with the chemical formula Al2C6(COO)6·16H2O ↔ Al2O3·C6(COOH)6·13H2O ↔ C6[Al2(COO)6·3H2O]·13H2O.

It is a translucent honey-coloured crystal which can be polished and faceted to form striking gemstones. It crystallizes in the tetragonal system and occurs both in good crystals and as formless masses. It is soft with a Mohs hardness of 2 to 2.5 and has a low specific gravity of 1.6.

It was discovered originally in 1789 at Artern in Thuringia in Germany it has subsequently also been found in Russia, Austria, the Czech Republic, and Hungary.

It is found associated with lignite and is assumed to be formed from plant material. Although chemically different it is in many ways analogous to amber which is formed the same way.


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This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Mellite". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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