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Mildred Dresselhaus



Mildred S. Dresselhaus
BornNovember 11 1930 (1930-11-11) (age 82)
The Bronx, New York
Residence US
UK
Nationality American
FieldPhysicist
InstitutionsCornell
MIT
Alma materHunter College
Cambridge
Harvard
Chicago
Notable students  Greg Timp
Known forCarbon nanotubes

Mildred S. Dresselhaus (born Mildred Spiewak on November 11 1930 in The Bronx, New York) is an Institute Professor and Professor of Physics and Electrical Engineering at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

Additional recommended knowledge

Dresselhaus received her undergraduate degree at Hunter College in New York, and carried out postgraduate study at the University of Cambridge on a Fulbright Fellowship and Harvard University. She received a PhD from the University of Chicago in 1958. She then spent two years at Cornell University before moving to Lincoln Lab. She became a professor at MIT in 1967 and was promoted to Institute Professor in 1985.

Dresselhaus was awarded the National Medal of Science in 1990 in recognition of her work on electronic properties of metals as well as expanding the opportunities of women in science and engineering.[1] In 2000-2001, she was the Director of the Office of Science at the US Department of Energy. As of 2004, she is the Chair of the governing board of the American Institute of Physics. Prof. Dresselhaus has also served as President of the American Physical Society, President of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, and treasurer of the National Academy of Sciences. Dresselhaus has devoted a great deal of time to supporting efforts to promote increased participation in physics by women.

Dresselhaus is particularly noted for her work on thermoelectrics, graphite, graphite intercalation compounds, and carbon nanotubes. Her group has made frequent use of band structure calculations, Raman scattering and high-field magnetotransport methods. Dresselhaus' former students include such notable physicists as Nai-Chang Yeh, Greg Timp, Mansour Shayegan, James S. Speck and Ahmet Erbil.

She is married to Gene Dresselhaus, a well-known theorist, and has four grown children and several grandchildren.

Selected publications

  • M. S. Dresselhaus and P. C. Eklund (2000). "Phonons in carbon nanotubes". Advances in Physics 49: 705.
  • M. S. Dresselhaus, G. Samsonidze, S. G. Chou, G. Dresselhaus, J. Jiang, R. Saito, and A. Jorio. "Recent Advances in Carbon Nanotube Photo-physics".
  • M. S. Dresselhaus and G. Dresselhaus (2002). "Intercalation Compounds of Graphite". Advances in Physics 51: 1.
  • M. S. Dresselhaus (2004). "Big Opportunities for Small Objects". Materials Today Magazine 5: 48.
  • M. S. Dresselhaus, G. Dresselhaus and A. Jorio (2004). "Unusual Properties and Structures of Carbon Nanotubes". Annual Reviews of Materials Research 34: 247.
  • M. S. Dresselhaus, G. Dresselhaus, R. Saito and A. Jorio (2005). "Raman Spectroscopy of Carbon Nanotubes". Physics Reports 409: 47.
  • M. S. Dresselhaus and H. Dai (2004). "Carbon Nanotues: Continued Innovations and Challenges". Bulletin of the Materials Research Society 29: 237.
  • J. Heremans and M. S. Dresselhaus (2005). "Low Dimensional Thermoelectricity". CRC Handbook - Molecular and Nano-electronics: Concepts, Challenges, and Designs.
  • M. S. Dresselhaus, R. Saito and A. Jorio (2004). "Semiconducting Carbon Nanotubes". Proceedings of ICPS-27.
  • S. G. Chou, F. Plentz-Filho, J.Jiang, R. Saito, D. Nezich, H. B. Ribeiro, A. Jorio, M. A. Pimenta, G. Samsonidze, A. P. Santos, M. Zheng, G. B.Onoa, E. D. Semke, G. Dresselhaus and M. S. Dresselhaus (2005). "Photo-excited Electron Relaxation Process Observed in Photoluminescence Spectroscopy of DNA-wrapped Carbon Nanotube". Physical Review Letters 94: 127402.
  • M. S. Dresselhaus (2004). "Nanotubes: a step in synthesis". Nature Materials 3: 665.
  • M. S. Dresselhaus (2004). "Applied Physics: Nanotube Antennas". Nature Materials 432: 959.
  • S. B. Fagan, A. G. Souza-Filho, J. Mendes-Filho, P. Corio and M. S. Dresselhaus (2005). "Electronic Properties of Ag- and CrO3-filled Single-wall Carbon Nanotubes". Chemical Physical Letters 406: 54.
  • Y. A. Kim, H. Muramatsu, T. Hayashi, M. Endo, M. Terrones and M. S. Dresselhaus (2004). "Thermal Stability and Structural Changes of Double-walled Carbon Nanotubes by Heat Treatment". Chemical Physical Letters 398: 87.
  • G. Samsonidze, R. Saito, N. Kobayashi, A. Gruneis, J. Jiang, A. Jorio, S. G. Chou, G. Dresselhaus and M. S. Dresselhaus (2004). "Family Behavior of the Optical Transition Energies in Single-wall Carbon Nanotubes of Smaller Diameters". Applied Physics Letters 85: 5703.
  • S. G. Chou, H. B. Ribeiro, E. Barros, A. P. Santos, D. Nezich, G. Samsonidze, C. Fantini, M. A. Pimenta, A. Jorio, F. Pletz-Filho, M. S. Dresselhaus, G. Dresselhaus, R. Saito, M.Zheng, G. B. Onoa, E. D. Semke, A. K. Swan, B. B. Goldberg and M. S. Unlu (2004). "Optical Characterization of DNA-wrapped Carbon Nanotube Hybrids". Chemical Physical Letters 397: 296.
  • E. I. Rogacheva, O. N. Nashchekina, A. V. Meriuts, S. G. Lyubchenko, O. Vekhov, M. S. Dresselhaus and G. Dresselhaus (2005). "Quantum Size Effects in PbTe/SnTe/PbTe Heterostructures". Applied Physics Letters 86: 063103.
  • H. Son, Y. Hori, S. G. Chou, D. Nezich, G. Samsonidze, E. Barros, G. Dresselhaus, M. S. Dresselhaus (2004). "Environment Effects on the Raman Spectra of Individual Single-wall Carbon Nanotubes: Suspended and Grown on Polycrystalline Silicon". Applied Physics Letters 85: 4744.
  • C. Fantini, A. Jorio, M. Souza, A. J. Mai Jr., M. S. Strano, M. A. Pimenta and M. S. Dresselhaus (2004). "Optical Transition Energies and Radial Breathing Modes for HiPco Carbon Nanotubes from Raman Spectroscopy". Physical Review Letters 93: 147406.
  • S. B. Cronin, A. K. Swan, M. S. Unlu, B. B. Goldberg, M. S. Dresselhaus and M. Tinkham (2004). "Measuring Uniaxial Strain in Individual Single-wall Carbon Nanotubes: Resonance Raman Spectra of AFM Modified SWNTs". Physical Review Letters 93: 167401.

References

  1. ^ "Dresselhaus Wins Medal of Science", MIT News Office, November 14, 1990. Retrieved on 2007-05-30. 


Persondata
NAME Dresselhaus, Mildred S.
ALTERNATIVE NAMES Spiewak, Mildred
SHORT DESCRIPTION American physicist
DATE OF BIRTH 1930-11-11
PLACE OF BIRTH The Bronx, New York
DATE OF DEATH
PLACE OF DEATH
 
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Mildred_Dresselhaus". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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