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Modal (textile)

Modal is a bio-based fiber made by spinning reconstituted cellulose from beech trees. It is about 50% more hygroscopic, or water-absorbent, per unit volume than cotton is. It is designed to dye just like cotton, and is color-fast when washed in warm water. Modal is essentially a variety of rayon.

Textiles made from Modal do not fibrillate, or pill, like cotton does, and are resistant to shrinkage and fading. They are smooth and soft, more so than even mercerized cotton, to the point where mineral deposits from hard water, such as lime, do not stick to the fabric surface. Like pure cotton, modal should ideally be ironed after washing.

Lenzing Modal is a registered trademark of Lenzing AG, an Austrian company specializing in textiles and fibers, particularly natural fibers made from cellulose. In the United States, pure Modal has begun being used in household linens such as towels, bathrobes, and bedsheets. Bed Bath & Beyond, for example, sells its newly-released Modal sheets under the name Pure Beech. Modal is also the main textile used in the Supersoft styles of panties in the Angels by Victoria's Secret collection, the Flaunt series in aussieBum underwear, sleepwear by Gap Body, the Micro Modal line for men by Calvin Klein, dresses by Kiyonna and items in Lululemon Athletica's casual line. La Senza uses Modal in a variety pantie styles. Old Navy also uses Modal in their sleep wear and clothing lines. Indian textile companies, in particular, have taken to Modal, and were expected to produce around 4000 tons of it in 2005.

Modal can be found in some types of socks. Those in the men's department of British Home Stores contain modal.


Data sheet on modal

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Modal_(textile)". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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