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Official gold reserves
Gold reserves (or gold holdings) are held by central banks as a store of value. At the end of 2004 central banks and official organizations held 19% of all above ground gold as a reserve asset. In 2001, it was estimated that all the gold ever mined totalled 145,000 tonnes. As one metric tonne equals 1,000 kilograms (or 32,150 troy ounces), one tonne of gold equated to a value of US$23.8 million in September 2007 ($739/troy ounces), so the total value of all gold ever mined would be some US$3.4 trillion. For comparison, the entire global market capitalization for all stock markets was US$43.6 trillion in March 2006. About one percent of all above ground gold (370 metric tonnes) was mined in the first five years of the California Gold Rush (worth approximately US$7.2 billion at November 2006 prices).
IMF gold reserves
IMF gold reserves refers to 3,217 tonnes of gold held by the International Monetary Fund. It is currently priced at a range of $40 and $50 a troy ounce ($1,300 to $1,600/kg), a price that was fixed in the 1970s before the Nixon government stopped pegging the U.S. dollar to the gold and instead allowed market forces to set the dollar's worth. An attempt to revalue the gold reserve to today's value has met resistance for different reasons. For example, Canada, the world's #1 gold producer, is against the idea of revaluing the reserve, as it would flood the market with gold and therefore depress its price. It is also not clear whether the gold reserve is the property of the IMF or of member countries.
Three quarters of the gold reserve was contributed by G5 members, namely France, Germany, Japan, United States and United Kingdom. The gold piles contributed by the French, the Germans, the Japanese, the Americans and the British are each worth $10 bn.
Privately held gold
As of January 2007, gold exchange-traded funds held 629 tonnes of gold in total for private and institutional investors. In 2004, it was estimated that the Indian public held 13,000 tonnes of gold in jewelry or other forms.
Officially reported gold reserves
The largest gold holdings in tonnes as reported by the World Gold Council can be seen in the table below, per 22. September 2005 and 14. December 2007, ranked by their 2005 holdings. The United States' holding of gold is worth approximately US$207 billion (December 2006). Though the United States holding is the largest of individual countries, in total the Euro area gold holdings are larger (11,065 tonnes per December 2007).
|This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Official_gold_reserves". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.|