My watch list  

Panaeolus africanus

Panaeolus africanus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Fungi
Phylum: Basidiomycota
Class: Hymenomycetes
Order: Agaricales
Family: Bolbitiaceae
Genus: Panaeolus
Species: P. africanus
Binomial name
Panaeolus africanus
Panaeolus africanus
mycological characteristics:
gills on hymenium

cap is convex


hymenium is adnexed or adnate


stipe is bare


spore print is black


ecology is saprophytic


edibility: unknown

Panaeolus africanus is a little brown mushroom which contains small amounts of the hallucinogen psilocybin. It has been found in central Africa and southern Sudan.


This is a little brown mushroom that grows on hippopotamus and elephant dung and has black spores. The cap is up to 2 cm across, gray, conic, often with scaly cracks. It is viscid when moist and the flesh is grey to white. The gills are grayish when young and turn black with a mottled appearance as the spores mature. The stem is 4 cm by 5 mm, pruinose at the top. The spores are black, rather variable, 13 x 9 micrometres, shaped like almonds. Macroscopically, this species resembles Panaeolus semiovatus var. phalaenarum.

External links

  • Mushroom John - Panaeolus africanus
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Panaeolus_africanus". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
Your browser is not current. Microsoft Internet Explorer 6.0 does not support some functions on Chemie.DE