My watch list  

Paris' law

In materials science and fracture mechanics, Paris' Law is used to relate the stress intensity factor to subcritical crack growth under a fatigue stress regime.

\frac{da}{dN} = C \Delta K^m

Where a is crack length, C and m are material constants, and ΔK is the stress intensity factor range.

History and Use

This formula was generated from P.C. Paris' 1961 realization that on a log-log plot of crack growth rate vs stress intensity factor showed a linear relationship linear plot. Using this law, one can quantitative predictions about the residual life of a specimen given a particular crack size. Finding the beginning of the initiation of fast crack initiation:

K=\sigma Y \sqrt{\pi a}

One can then find the remaining lifetime using the following simple mathematical manipulations:

\frac{da}{dN} = C \Delta K^m =C(\Delta\sigma Y \sqrt{\pi a})^m

From here we can integrate over the size of the crack:

\int^{Y_f}_0 dy=\int^{a_2}_{a_1}\frac{da}{C(\Delta\sigma Y \sqrt{\pi a})^m }


  • Paris' law-
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Paris'_law". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
Your browser is not current. Microsoft Internet Explorer 6.0 does not support some functions on Chemie.DE