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Patent Blue V

  Patent Blue V, also called Food Blue 5 or Sulphan Blue, is a dark bluish synthetic dye used as a food coloring. As a food additive, it has E number E131. It is a sodium or calcium salt of [4-(α-(4-diethylaminophenyl)-5-hydroxy- 2,4-disulfophenyl-methylidene)-2,5-cyclohexadien-1-ylidene] diethylammonium hydroxide inner salt. It has the appearance of a violet powder.

Its CAS number is [3536-49-0] and its SMILES structure is CCN(CC)c1ccc(cc1)C(=C2C=CC(C=C2)=[N+](CC)CC)c3cc(O)c(OS([O-])=O)cc3OS([O-])=O. It is not widely used, but can be found in Scotch eggs. Patent Blue V is banned as a food dye in Australia, USA, and Norway.

In medicine, Patent Blue V is used in lymphangiography as a dye to color lymph vessels. It is also used in dental disclosing tablets as a stain to show dental plaque on teeth.

It may cause allergic reactions, with symptoms ranging from itching and nettle rash to nausea, hypotension, and in rare cases anaphylactic shock; it is not recommended for children.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Patent_Blue_V". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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