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Paul Pulewka

Paul Pulewka was a German pharmacologist who fled Nazi persecution to Turkey where he became a leader in establishing pharmacaological controls. He was born on February 11 1896 in Elbing. He graduated from the Königsberg (Kaliningrad) Prussia Medical Faculty in 1923 and earned doctorates in pharmacology and toxicology from the Pharmacology Institute of the same university in 1927. Pulewka was appointed Docent at Tübingen University in 1929. In May 1933, he was promoted to Professor Extraordinarius of Pharmacology and Toxicology at Tübingen where he lectured on the toxicology of poisonous gases and the protection against them. He was even elected to the university’s Senate. However, Behrend Behrens, Paul Pulewka’s former assistant whom Pulewka and his wife had once saved from drowning in a sea accident, warned Pulewka that he was in serious danger because of his political beliefs and because his wife was Jewish.

Pulewka resigned, or was released, from his professorship of pharmacy at the University of Tübingen, and with help of an anti-Nazi official in the German foreign ministry, the Pulewkas found their way to Turkey in October 1935. At first, he worked for the Central Hygiene (Public Health) Institute of the Ministry of Health in Ankara. His contract was not renewed in 1940 and he stayed, jobless, in Turkey for almost a year when he was rehired, and, in 1946, Pulewka became Director of the Pharmacy Institute at the University of Ankara. He worked there until 1954, at which time he returned to Germany.


A.Reisman (2006) TURKEY'S MODERNIZATION:Refugees from Nazism and Atatürk’s Vision. New Academia Publishers, Washington, DC. with permission.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Paul_Pulewka". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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