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Additional recommended knowledge
The basic requirements for photochemical reactions are:
Photoexcitation is the first step in a photochemical process where the reactant is elevated to an excited state of higher energy. Photosensitizers absorb radiation and transfer energy to the reactant. The opposite process is called quenching when a photoexited state is deactivated by a chemical reagent.
The first ever photochemical reaction was described by Trommsdorf in 1834. He observed that crystals of the compound α-santonin when exposed to sunlight turned yellow and burst. In a 2007 study the reaction was described as a succession of three steps taking place within a single crystal.
The first step is a rearrangement reaction to a cyclopentadienone intermediate 2, the second one a dimerization in a Diels-Alder reaction (3) and the third one a intramolecular [2+2]cycloaddition (4). The bursting effect is attributed to a large change in crystal volume on dimerization.
|This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Photochemical_reaction". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.|