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Additional recommended knowledge
If two identical substituents are attached to an sp3-hybridized atom, the descriptors pro-R and pro-S are used to distinguish between the two. Replacing the pro-R substituent results in an R chirality center at the original sp3-hybridized atom, and vice versa.
A trigonal planar sp2-hybridized atom can be converted to a chirality center when a substituent is added to the re or si face of the molecule.
|This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Prochiral". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.|