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Pumpellyite



  Pumpellyite is a sorosilicate mineral rather a group of closely related minerals or solid solution series:

  • pumpellyite-(Mg): Ca2MgAl2(SiO4)(Si2O7)(OH)2·(H2O)
  • pumpellyite-(Fe2+): Ca2FeAl2(SiO4)(Si2O7)(OH)2·(H2O)
  • pumpellyite-(Fe3+): Ca2(Fe,Mg)(Al,Fe)2(SiO4)(Si2O7)(OH)2·(H2O)
  • pumpellyite-(Mn2+): Ca2(Mg,Mn)(Al,Mn,Fe}2(SiO4)(Si2O7)(OH)2·(H2O)

Additional recommended knowledge

Pumpellyite crystallizes in the monoclinic-prismatic crystal system. It typically occurs as blue-green to olive green fibrous to lamellar masses. It is translucent and glassy with a Mohs hardness of 5.5 and a specific gravity of 3.2. I has refractive indices of nα=1.674 - 1.748, nβ=1.675 - 1.754 and nγ=1.688 - 1.764.

Pumpellyite occurs as amygdaloidal and fracture fillings in basaltic and gabbroic rocks in metamorphic terranes. It is an indicator mineral of the prehnite-pumpellyite metamorphic facies. It is associated with chlorite, epidote, quartz, calcite and prehnite. It was first described in 1925 for occurrences in the Calumet mine, Houghton Co., Keweenaw Peninisula, Michigan and named for U. S. geologist, Raphael Pumpelly (1837-1923).

References

  • Mindat with location data
  • Webmineral data
  • American Mineralogist, 1925
 
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Pumpellyite". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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