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Richard Crawshay (1739 – June 27 1810), was a South Wales ironmaster.
Additional recommended knowledge
Rihard Crawshay was born in Normanton in the West Riding of Yorkshire. Initially starting work aged 16 selling flat irons in an iron warehouse in London, he eventually became sole proprietor of the business. He married Mary Bourne in 1763 and they had a son William and three daughters, Anne, Elizabeth and Charlotte. By the 1870s he was probably London's leading iron merchant. He invested his wealth by acquiring a cannon-boring business at Cyfarthfa, Merthyr Tydfil in industrial South Wales, and subsequently leasing then buying Cyfarthfa Ironworks. This he developed substantially as one of the most important ironworks in South Wales. He was very ambitious and imperious in manner, being called 'The Tyrant' by some, but was without social pretension. He was active in protecting the interests of the iron trade and was a major promoter of the Glamorganshire Canal which immensley improved transport of iron to Cardiff docks. At his death in 1810 his estate was worth £1.5 million. In his will he left three-eighths of his ironworks to his son William Crawshay I, three-eighths to his son-in-law Benjamin Hall and two-eighths to his nephew Joseph Bailey.
|This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Richard_Crawshay". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.|