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Additional recommended knowledge
A Rollin film, named after Bernard V. Rollin, is a 30 nm-thick liquid film of helium in the helium II state. It exhibits a "creeping" effect in response to surfaces extending past the film's level (propagation). This "creeping" seemingly ignores gravity. It can escape from any non-closed surface via creeping toward and eventual evaporation from capillaries of 10−7 to 10−8 meters or greater.
Rollin films are involved in the fountain effect where superfluid helium leaks out of a container in a fountain-like manner. They have high thermal conductivity. If not for its evaporation in the presence of heat, a Rollin film would have a very low index of refraction and would be nearly transparent (helium I has an index of refraction of 1.026).
The ability of superfluid liquids to cross obstacles that lie at a higher level is often referred to as the Onnes-Effect, named after Heike Kamerlingh Onnes. The Onnes-Effect is enabled by the capillary forces dominating the gravity- and viscous forces.
|This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Rollin_film". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.|