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Rouge de Rance

Rouge de Rance (Red of Rance) is a red marble from the town of Rance in Belgium.


The red marble of Rance in the Belgian province of Hainaut knew a large popularity as a prestigious building material for decorative use. Although it was exploited since Roman Antiquity it became most renowned since the 17th century because of its prolific use in the Royal Chateau of Versailles built for the French king Louis XIV. Large quantities were used for the most prestigious parts of the building, including the interior wall decoration of the "Galerie des Glaces" (Hall of Mirors) and the columns of the main portico on the "Cour des Marbres" (Marble Courtyard). To satisfy the vast demand needed for Versailles and other French royal residences a new quarry was opened and subsequently named "Trou de Versailles" (hole of Versailles). Since the 18th century "Rouge de Rance" was also popular as a material for fireplaces and as a top for furniture such as commodes or tables. Several Belgian red marbles, including "Rouge de Rance" were later marketed under the name "Rouge Belge" (Belgian Red).


The exploitation of the quarries in Rance stopped in the 1950's. A museum on Belgian Marbles was opened in Rance in 1979.


  • "Les marbres belges à Versailles", by Prof. Eric Croessens (in French)
  • "Les matériaux de construction de Belgique et du Nord de la France", by Prof. Eric Croessens (in French)
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Rouge_de_Rance". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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