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Synthetic Fuels Corporation

The Synthetic Fuels Corporation was a U.S. government-funded corporation established in 1980 by the Synthetic Fuels Corporation Act to create a market for alternatives to imported fossil fuels (such as coal gasification). The corporation was abolished in 1985.

The original intention of the corporation was to partner with industry (primarily oil companies) to create a market for domestically-produced synthetic liquid fuels, with a goal of producing 2 million barrels of liquid fuel per year within five years. Critics of the Synthetic Fuels Corporation point to its failure to achieve its goals as a reason to prevent government from interfering with free markets. The purported objective behind the Synthetic Fuels Corporation was to move research and development of synthetic fuels out of the Department of Energy and into a public-private partnership that would produce tangible results in a short period of time. Many believe that the drop in worldwide oil prices in the early 1980s played a primary role in obviating the need for the corporation, at least from a short-term economic perspective.

As the price of oil continues to climb, industry in the United States and elsewhere is once again looking to alternatives to imported petroleum. Coal gasification is being evaluated once again as a cheaper alternative to imported oil.

See also: Synthetic Liquid Fuels Program

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Synthetic_Fuels_Corporation". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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