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Thioacetazone



Thioacetazone
Systematic (IUPAC) name
N-[4-[(carbamothioylhydrazinylidene) methyl]phenyl]acetamide
Identifiers
CAS number 104-06-3
ATC code J04AM04
PubChem  ?
Chemical data
Formula C10H12N4OS 
Mol. mass 236.3
Pharmacokinetic data
Bioavailability  ?
Metabolism  ?
Half life  ?
Excretion  ?
Therapeutic considerations
Pregnancy cat.

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Legal status
Routes Oral

Thioacetazone(INN and BAN) is also called thiocetazone, thiacetazone, thiosemicarbazone, benzothiozane or amithiozone(USAN); abbreviated T.

Additional recommended knowledge

Thioacetazone is used in the treatment of tuberculosis; it has only weak activity against Mycobacterium tuberculosis and is only useful in preventing resistance to more powerful drugs like isoniazid and rifampicin. It is never used on its own to treat tuberculosis; it is used in a similar way to ethambutol. Thioacetazone is the only anti-TB drug that is ineffective when given intermittently.

There is no advantage to using thioacetazone if the regimen used already contains ethambutol, but many countries in sub-Saharan Africa still use thioacetazone because it is extremely cheap. Use of thioacetazone is declining because it can cause severe (sometimes fatal) skin reactions in HIV positive patients.[1][2]

References

  1. ^ Rieder HL, Arnadottir T, Trebucq A, Enarson DA (2001). "Tuberculosis treatment: dangerous regimens?". Int J Tuberc Lung Dis 5 (1): 1–3. PMID 11263509.
  2. ^ Nunn P, Porter J, Winstanley P (1993). "Thiacetazone—avoid like poison or use with care?". Trans R Soc Trop Med Hyg 87 (5): 578–82. PMID 7505496.


 
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Thioacetazone". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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