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# Toda field theory

In the study of field theory and partial differential equations, a Toda field theory is derived from the following Lagrangian:

$\mathcal{L}=\frac{1}{2}\left[\left({\partial \phi \over \partial t},{\partial \phi \over \partial t}\right)-\left({\partial \phi \over \partial x}, {\partial \phi \over \partial x}\right)\right ]-{m^2 \over \beta^2}\sum_{i=1}^r n_i e^{\beta \alpha_i(\phi)}.$

Here x and t are spacetime coordinates, (,) is the Killing form of a real r-dimensional Cartan algebra $\mathfrak{h}$ of a Kac-Moody algebra over $\mathfrak{h}$, αi is the ith simple root in some root basis, ni is the Coxeter number, m is the mass (or bare mass in the quantum field theory version) and β is the coupling constant.

Then a Toda field theory is the study of a function φ mapping 2 dimensional Minkowski space satisfying the corresponding Euler-Lagrange equations.

If the Kac-Moody algebra is finite, it's called a Toda field theory. If it is affine, it is called an affine Toda field theory (after the component of φ which decouples is removed) and if it is hyperbolic, it is called a hyperbolic Toda field theory.

Toda field theories are integrable models and their solutions describe solitons.

The sinh-Gordon model is the affine Toda field theory with the generalized Cartan matrix

$\begin{pmatrix} 2&-2 \\ -2&2 \end{pmatrix}$

and a positive value for β after we project out a component of φ which decouples.

The sine-Gordon model is the model with the same Cartan matrix but an imaginary β.

## References

• affine toda on arxiv.org