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Tog (unit)

The tog is a measure of thermal resistance, commonly used in the textile industry, and often seen quoted on, for example, duvets.

The Shirley Institute in Britain developed the tog as an easy-to-follow alternative to the SI unit of m2K/W. Launched in the 1960s, the Shirley Togmeter is the standard apparatus for rating thermal resistance of textiles, commonly known as the Tog Test.

A tog is 0.1 m2K/W. In other words, the thermal resistance in togs is equal to ten times the temperature difference (in °C) between the two surfaces of a material, when the flow of heat is equal to one watt per square metre.

According to British retailer John Lewis, tog guidelines for duvets are as follows:[1]

Lightweight summer duvet: 4.5 tog
Spring/Autumn weight duvet: 9.0 - 10.5 tog
Winter weight duvet: 12.0 - 13.5 tog

Another unit of thermal resistance of textiles is the clo, equal to 1.55 togs (1 tog = 0.645 clo).[2]


  1. ^ John Lewis Partnership website[1]
  2. ^ Cornell University Ergonomics Web [2]
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Tog_(unit)". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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