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Torbanite is a variety of fine-grained coal, sometimes known as boghead coal, named after Torbane Hill in Scotland.[1] Other major deposits of torbanite ar found in Pennsylvania and Illinois, USA, in the Transvaal of South Africa and in the Sydney Basin, Australia.[2] Torbanite usually occurs as lenticular masses, often associated with deposits of coal[2], and is classified also as lacustrine type oil shale.[3]

Paraffin oil can be distilled from some forms of torbanite, a process discovered and patented by James Young in 1851.

Torbanite typically comprises 88 percent carbon and 11 percent hydrogen.[2]


  1. ^ Dyni, John R. (2003), " ", Oil Shale. A Scientific-Technical Journal (Estonian Academy Publishers) 20 (3): 193-252, ISSN 0208-189X, . Retrieved on 2007-06-17
  2. ^ a b c Teh Fu Yen and George V. Chilingarian (1976) Oil Shale, Amsterdam, Elsevier
  3. ^ Hutton, A.C. 1987. Petrographic classification of oil shales // Intern. J. Coal Geol. 1987. Vol. 8. P. 203–231.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Torbanite". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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