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A transmissometer is an instrument for measuring the extinction coefficient of the atmosphere, and for the determination of visual range. It operates by sending a narrow, collimated beam of energy (usually a laser) through the propagation medium. A narrow field of view receiver at the designated measurement distance determines how much energy is arriving at the detector, and determines the path transmission and/or extinction coefficient. Atmospheric extenction is wavelength dependent phenomenon, but the most common wavelength in use for transmissometers is 550 nm, which is right in the middle of the visible waveband, and allows a good approximation of visual range.
Additional recommended knowledge
Transmissometers are sometimes referred to as telephotometers, transmittance meters, or hazemeters.
|This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Transmissometer". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.|