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Ultrasonic Impact Treatment

In 1972 the ultrasonic impact technology was developed and has since been perfected by a team of Russian scientists under the leadership of Dr. Efim Statnikov for use within the shipbuilding, submarine manufacture and aerospace industries.

The principle of Ultrasonic Impact Treatment (UIT) is based on the instrumental conversion of harmonic oscillations of an acoustically tuned body into resonant impulses of ultrasonic frequency. The acoustically tuned body is brought to resonance by energizing an ultrasonic transducer. The energy generated from these high frequency impulses is imparted to the treated surface through the contact of specially designed steel pins. These transfer pins are free to move axially between the resonant body and the treated surface.

Depending on the desired effects of treatment a combination of different frequencies and displacement amplitude is applied. These frequencies range between 27 kHz and 55 kHz, with the displacement amplitude of the resonant body of between 22 and 50 micrometres.

The following list describes the beneficial effects that can result due to treatment. The controlled action of the application allows one to define the exact combination of effects listed below by altering the configuration of the control and treatment parameters. Thus, the user only gets those effects that are desired.

|1| Formation of a white layer up to 10 micrometres in depth with exceptional corrosion resistance, abrasion resistance, and lubricity.

|2| Plastic deformation of the surface.

|3| Elimination of tensile stress and the introduction of favorable compression stress up to 12 millimeters in depth.

|4| Altering the surface finish resulting in a smoother surface and eliminating defects.

|5| Improvement in endurance and corrosion resistance. Up to 250% and 400% respectively. These changes in material characteristics provide substantial improvements in both the utilization and manufacturing of metal structures. These include:

|a| Increased operational life in applications subject to dynamic loads or aggressive environments.

|b| Reduced maintenance cost of metal structures subject to corrosion-fatigue destruction.

|c| Decreased cost of manufacturing and operation through the use of less material.

|d| Increased use of high strength steel alloys previously limited by weld properties.

|e| Increased structural stability during manufacturing and operation.

|f| Operational and maintenance cost reduction.

This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Ultrasonic_Impact_Treatment". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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