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Westphalen-Lettré rearrangement



The Westphalen-Lettré rearrangement is a classic organic reaction in organic chemistry describing a rearrangement reaction of cholestane-3β,5α,6β-triol diacetate with acetic anhydride and sulfuric acid. In this reaction one equivalent of water is lost, a double bond is formed at C10-C11 and importantly the methyl group at the C10 position migrates to the C5 position.[1][2] [3]

Additional recommended knowledge

The reaction is first order in steroid with access of sulfuric acid[4] and the first reaction step in the reaction mechanism is likely the formation of an sulfate ester followed by that of a carbocation at C5 after which the actual rearrangement takes place.

References

  1. ^ T. Westphalen, Ber., 48, 1064 (1915)
  2. ^ H. Lettré and I. Muller, Ber., 70, 1947 (1937)
  3. ^ Rearranged Steroid Systems. I. Studies in the Pregnane Series O. R. RODIG, P. BROWN, and P. ZAFFARONI J. Org. Chem. 1961, 26(7), 2431-2435. (doi:10.1021/jo01351a066 10.1021/jo01351a066)
  4. ^ Acid catalysed reactions of 5α-hydroxy-steroids—III : The westphalen rearrangementTetrahedron, Volume 21, Issue 6, 1965, Pages 1567-1580 J. W. Blunt, A. Fischer, M. P. Hartshorn, F. W. Jones, Kirk D. N. and S. W. Yoong (doi:10.1016/S0040-4020(01)98321-8)
 
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Westphalen-Lettré_rearrangement". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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