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Zeisel determination

The Zeisel determination or Zeisel test is a chemical test for the presence of esters or ethers in a chemical substance [1] [2] [3]. In a qualitative test a sample is first reacted with a mixture of acetic acid and hydriodic acid in a test tube. The ensuing reaction results in the cleavage of the ether or the ester into an alkyl iodide and respectively an alcohol or an carboxylic acid.

By heating this mixture, the gases are allowed to come into contact with a piece of paper higher up the test tube saturated with mercury(II) nitrate. Any alkyl iodide present will give a reaction with the mercury compound to mercury(II) iodide which has a red or yellow color.

Synthetic applications:


  1. ^ S Zeisel. Monatshefte für Chemie 6 (1885) p406.
  2. ^ V Prey. Chemische Berichte 74 (1941) p350.
  3. ^ Lange. J Org Chem 27 (1962) p2037.
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Zeisel_determination". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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