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Alkyl nitrites are chemical compounds of structure R-ONO. Formally they are alkyl esters of nitrous acid.
The first few members of the series are volatile liquids; methyl nitrite and ethyl nitrite are gaseous at room temperature and pressure. The compounds have a distinctive fruity odor. Another frequently encountered nitrite is amyl nitrite.
Organic nitrites are prepared from alcohols and sodium nitrite in sulfuric acid solution. They decompose slowly on standing, the decomposition products being oxides of nitrogen, water, the alcohol, and polymerization products of the aldehyde.
for which they proposed this reaction mechanism:
|This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Alkyl_nitrites". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.|