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Carbon trioxide

Carbon trioxide (CO3) is an unstable product of reactions between carbon dioxide (CO2) and atomic oxygen (O).[1] It is different from the carbonate ion (CO32-). It has also been detected in reactions between carbon monoxide, CO, and molecular oxygen, O2. Among other places it has been shown to be created in the drift zone of a negative corona discharge.[2] This pathway arises from reactions between carbon dioxide and atomic oxygen ions, created from molecular oxygen by free electrons in the plasma.

Three possible isomers of carbon trioxide exist, denoted Cs, D3h, and C2v. The C2v state has been shown by various studies to be the ground state of the molecule.[3]


  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ [2]
  • Electronic structure and spectroscopy of carbon trioxide
  • Sabin J. R., Kim H. (1971). "A theoretical study of the structure and properties of carbon trioxide". Chemical Physics Letters 11 (5): 593-597. doi:10.1016/0009-2614(71)87010-0.
  • Sobek V., Skalný J. D. (1993). "[4]". Czechoslovak Journal of Physics 43 (8).
  • Pople J. A. , Seeger U., Seeger R., Schleyer P. v. R. (2004). "The structure of carbon trioxide". Journal of Computational Chemistry 1 (2): 199 - 203. doi:10.1002/jcc.540010215.
  • Moll N. G., Clutter D. R., Thompson W. E. (1966). "Carbon Trioxide: Its Production, Infrared Spectrum, and Structure Studied in a Matrix of Solid CO2". The Journal of Chemical Physics 45 (12): 4469-4481. doi:10.1063/1.1727526.
  • Gimarc B. M., Chou T. S. (1968). "Geometry and Electronic Structure of Carbon Trioxide". The Journal of Chemical Physics 49 (9): 4043-4047. doi:10.1063/1.1670715.
  • DeMore W. B., Jacobsen C. W. (1969). "Formation of carbon trioxide in the photolysis of ozone in liquid carbon dioxide". Journal of Physical Chemistry 73 (9): 2935 - 2938. doi:10.1021/j100843a026.
  • DeMore W. B., Dede C. (1970). "Pressure dependence of carbon trioxide formation in the gas-phase reaction of O(1D) with carbon dioxide". Journal of Physical Chemistry 74 (13): 2621 - 2625. doi:10.1021/j100707a006.
  • Francisco J. S., Williams I. H. (1985). "A theoretical study of the force field for carbon trioxide". Chemical Physics 95 (3). doi:10.1016/0301-0104(85)80160-9.
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Carbon_trioxide". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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