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203 Current news about the topic bacteria

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"Molecular scissors" for plastic waste

15-Apr-2019

A research team from the University of Greifswald and Helmholtz-Zentrum-Berlin (HZB) has solved the molecular structure of the important enzyme MHETase at BESSY II. MHETase was discovered in bacteria and together with a second enzyme - PETase - is able to break down the widely used plastic PET ...

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A dust-up: Microbes interact with harmful chemicals in dust

Microbes in household dust can break down harmful chemicals

15-Apr-2019

The dust that settles throughout our homes and offices almost always contains bits of chemicals that can cause problems for the human endocrine system, scientists say. But a new study indicates that the microbes we track into buildings--the microscopic bacteria and other microorganisms that ...

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Bacteria could become a future source of electricity

28-Mar-2019

In recent years, researchers have tried to capture the electrical current that bacteria generate through their own metabolism. So far, however, the transfer of the current from the bacteria to a receiving electrode has not been efficient at all. Now, researchers from institutions including Lund ...

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Engineered microbe may be key to producing plastic from plants

08-Mar-2019

With a few genetic tweaks, a type of soil bacteria with an appetite for hydrocarbons shows promise as a biological factory for converting a renewable -- but frustratingly untapped -- bounty into a replacement for ubiquitous plastics. Researchers, like those at the University of ...

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Natural substance as alternative to controversial glyphosate?

Novel unusual sugar from cyanobacteria acts as natural herbicide

05-Feb-2019

Researchers at the University of Tübingen have discovered a natural substance that could compete with the controversial herbicide glyphosate: The newly discovered sugar molecule synthesized from cyanobacteria inhibits the growth of various microorganisms and plants but is harmless to humans and ...

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Bacterial protein could help find materials for your next smartphone

21-Dec-2018

A newly discovered protein could help detect, target, and collect from the environment the rare-earth metals used in smartphones. Two new studies by researchers at Penn State describe the protein, which is 100 million times better at binding to lanthanides--the rare-earth metals used in ...

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This bacterium gets paid in gold

Harvesting solar fuels through a bacterium's unusual appetite for gold

11-Oct-2018

A bacterium named Moorella thermoacetica won't work for free. But UC Berkeley researchers have figured out it has an appetite for gold. And in exchange for this special treat, the bacterium has revealed a more efficient path to producing solar fuels through artificial photosynthesis. M. ...

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Bio solar cell produces hydrogen

Modular character allows multiple applications

27-Sep-2018

An international team of researchers has combined molecular building blocks from plants and microorganisms in a bio solar cell so that they could use light energy to directly produce hydrogen. This combination does not occur like this in nature: although plants can use light energy to convert ...

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Antibacterial Polymers

Surprising antibacterial activity and selectivity of hydrophilic phosphonium polymers

10-Sep-2018

Artificial polymers, like antibiotic peptides, need both hydrophobic and hydrophilic domains in their molecular structure to exert antibacterial activity. Now, researchers from Canada have synthesized a phosphonium polymer that challenges this view. As outlined in the journal Angewandte Chemie, ...

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Soil bugs munch on plastics

27-Jul-2018

Thin mulch films made of polyethylene are used in agriculture in numerous countries, where they cause extensive soil contamination. Researchers at ETH Zurich and Eawag have now identified an alternative: films made of the polymer PBAT biodegrade in soils. Our world is drowning in a flood of ...

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