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1,2,4-Butanetriol trinitrate



1,2,4-Butanetriol trinitrate
Identifiers
CAS number 6659-60-5
SMILES O=[N+]([O-])OCC(O[N+]([O-])=O)CCO[N+]([O-])=O
Properties
Molecular formula C4H7N3O9
Molar mass 241.11 g/mol
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for
materials in their standard state
(at 25 °C, 100 kPa)

Infobox disclaimer and references

1,2,4-Butanetriol trinitrate (BTTN), also called butanetriol trinitrate, is an important military propellant. It is a colorless to brown explosive liquid.

Additional recommended knowledge

BTTN is used as a propellant in virtually all single-stage missiles used by the United States, including the Hellfire. It is less volatile, less sensitive to shock, and more thermally stable than nitroglycerine, for which it is a promising replacement.

BTTN as a propellant is often used in a mixture with nitroglycerin. The mixture can be made by conitration of butanetriol and glycerol. BTTN is also used as a plasticizer in some nitrocellulose based propellants.

BTTN is manufactured by nitration of 1,2,4-butanetriol. Biotechnological manufacture of butanetriol is under intensive research.

References

     
    This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "1,2,4-Butanetriol_trinitrate". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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