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Additional recommended knowledge
While spontaneous deamination of cytosine forms uracil, which is recognized and removed by DNA repair enzymes, deamination of 5-methylcytosine forms thymine. This conversion of a DNA base from cytosine (C) to thymine (T) can result in a transition mutation.
5-Methylcytosine can be deaminated to form thymine with use of reagents such as nitrous acid; cytosine deaminates to uracil under similar conditions.
5-Methylcytosine is resistant to deamination by bisulfite treatment, which deaminates cytosine residues; this property is often exploited to analyze DNA cytosine methylation patterns with bisulfite sequencing.
|This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "5-Methylcytosine". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.