My watch list  

Acacia catechu

Acacia catechu

Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Division: Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae
Subfamily: Mimosoideae
Genus: Acacia
Species: A. catechu
Binomial name
Acacia catechu
(L.) Willd., Oliv.

Range of Acacia catechu
  • Acacia catechu (L. f.) Willd. var. catechuoides (Roxb.)Prain
  • Acacia catechuoides (Roxb.) Benth.
  • Acacia sundra (Roxb.) Bedd.
  • Acacia wallichiana DC.
  • Mimosa catechu L. f.
  • Mimosa catechuoides Roxb.[1]

Acacia catechu is a deciduous, thorny tree which grows up to 15m in height.[2] Common names for it include Catechu, Cachou and Black Cutch. It is found in Asia, China, India and the Indian Ocean area.[1]




The tree's seeds are a good source of protein.[3]


Branches of the tree are quite often cut for goat fodder and are sometimes fed to cattle.[3]


The tree is often planted for use as firewood and its wood is highly valued for furniture and tools.[2] The wood has a density of about 0.88 g/cm³.[4]

Other uses

Its heartwood extract is used in dyeing, leather tanning, as a preservative for fishing nets, for medicine and as a viscosity regulator for oil drilling.[2]


The tree can be propagated by planting its seeds, which are soaked in hot water first. After about six months in a nursery, the seedlings can be planted in the field. [2]

Botanical varieties

See also


  1. ^ a b International Legume Database & Information Service (ILDIS)
  2. ^ a b c d
  3. ^ a b World AgroForestry Database
  4. ^ FAO Appendix 1
  5. ^
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Acacia_catechu". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
Your browser is not current. Microsoft Internet Explorer 6.0 does not support some functions on Chemie.DE