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Albite is a plagioclase feldspar mineral. It is the sodium endmember of the plagioclase solid solution series. As such it represents a plagioclase with less than 10% anorthite content. The pure albite endmember has the formula NaAlSi3O8. It is a tectosilicate.
Additional recommended knowledge
Albite crystallizes with triclinic pinacoidal forms. Its specific gravity is about 2.62 and has a Mohs hardness of 6. Albite almost always exhibits crystal twinning often as minute parallel striations on the crystal face. Albite often occurs as fine parallel segregations alternating with pink microcline in perthite as a result of exolution on cooling. It occurs in granitic and pegmatite masses and also in some hydrothermal vein deposits.
It was first reported in 1815 for an occurrence in Sweden. The name is from Latin, albus for the typical white color.
|This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Albite". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.|