To use all functions of this page, please activate cookies in your browser.
With an accout for my.chemeurope.com you can always see everything at a glance – and you can configure your own website and individual newsletter.
- My watch list
- My saved searches
- My saved topics
- My newsletter
In organic chemistry, compounds composed of carbon and hydrogen are divided into two classes: aromatic compounds, which contain benzene and other similar compounds, and aliphatic compounds (G. aleiphar, fat, oil), which do not. In aliphatic compounds, carbon atoms can be joined together in straight chains, branched chains, or rings. They can be joined by single bonds (alkanes), double bonds (alkenes), or triple bonds (alkynes). Besides hydrogen, other elements can be bound to the carbon chain, the most common being oxygen, nitrogen, sulfur, and chlorine.
Additional recommended knowledge
Most aliphatic compounds are flammable, thus allowing hydrocarbons such as methane to fuel Bunsen burners in the laboratory, whereas acetylene is used in welding.
|This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Aliphatic_compound". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.|