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Amyl nitrate

Amyl nitrate
IUPAC name pentyl nitrate
Other names n-amyl nitrate
1-pentyl nitrate
Molecular formula C5H11NO3
CAS number 1002-16-0
Molar mass 133.1468 g mol−1
Boiling point

104 °C

Flash point 47.8 °C
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for
materials in their standard state
(at 25 °C, 100 kPa)

Infobox disclaimer and references

Amyl nitrate is the chemical compound with the formula CH3(CH2)4ONO2. This molecule consists of the 5-carbon amyl group attached to a nitrate functional group.[1] It is the ester of amyl alcohol and nitric acid.


Alkyl nitrates are employed as reagents in organic synthesis.[2] Amyl nitrate is used as an additive in diesel fuel, where it acts as an 'ignition improver' by accelerating the ignition of fuel.

Not amyl nitrite

Amyl nitrate and the drug amyl nitrite are chemically distinct and are not interchangeable.


  1. ^ EPA on Pentyl nitrate
  2. ^ Zajac, Jr., W. W. "1-Nitropropane" in Encyclopedia of Reagents for Organic Synthesis 2001 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. DOI: 10.1002/047084289X.rn051.
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Amyl_nitrate". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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