My watch list  

Auxiliary field Monte Carlo

Auxiliary field Monte Carlo is a method that allows the calculation, by use of Monte Carlo techniques, of averages of operators in many-body quantum mechanical problems.

The distinctive ingredient of this method is the fact that the interaction is expressed, by means of a Hubbard-Stratonovich transformation, in terms of an auxiliary external field. Once this transformation is performed, the many-body problem is reduced to the calculation of a sum over all possible configurations of such auxiliary field. In this sense, there is a trade off: instead of dealing with one very complicated self-interacting quantum mechanical problem, one faces the calculation of an infinite number of simple external-field problems.

It is here, as in other related methods, that Monte Carlo enters the game in the guise of importance sampling: the large sum over external field configurations is performed by sampling over the most important ones, with certain probability. A central question at that point is whether the probability measure associated with the field configurations is well defined, i.e., positive (one can always normalize later).

See also


  • Blankenbecler, R.; Scalapino, D. J. and Sugar, R. L. (1981). "Monte Carlo calculations of coupled boson-fermion systems. I". Phys. Rev. D. 24: 2278.
  • Ceperley, D.; Chester, G.V. and Kalos, M.H. (1977). "Monte Carlo simulation of a many-fermion study". Phys. Rev. B 16: 3081.
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Auxiliary_field_Monte_Carlo". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
Your browser is not current. Microsoft Internet Explorer 6.0 does not support some functions on Chemie.DE