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In mathematics, a function of bounded deformation is a function whose distributional derivatives are not quite well-behaved-enough to qualify as functions of bounded variation, although the symmetric part of the derivative matrix does meet that condition. Thought of as deformations of elasto-plastic bodies, functions of bounded deformation play a major role in the mathematical study of materials, e.g. the Francfort-Marigo model of brittle crack evolution.
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More precisely, given an open subset Ω of Rn, a function u : Ω → Rn is said to be of bounded deformation if the symmetrized gradient ε(u) of u,
is a bounded, symmetric n × n matrix-valued Radon measure. The collection of all functions of bounded deformation is denoted BD(Ω; Rn), or simply BD. BD is a strictly larger space than the space BV of functions of bounded variation.
One can show that if u is of bounded deformation then the measure ε(u) can be decomposed into three parts: one absolutely continuous with respect to Lebesgue measure, denoted e(u) dx; a jump part, supported on a rectifiable (n − 1)-dimensional set Ju of points where u has two different approximate limits u+ and u−, together with a normal vector νu; and a "Cantor part", which vanishes on Borel sets of finite Hn−1-measure (where Hk denotes k-dimensional Hausdorff measure).
A function u is said to be of special bounded deformation if the Cantor part of ε(u) vanishes, so that the measure can be written as
where H n−1 | Ju denotes H n−1 on the jump set Ju and denotes the symmetrized dyadic product:
The collection of all functions of bounded deformation is denoted SBD(Ω; Rn), or simply SBD.
|This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Bounded_deformation". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.|