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Caesium-135



Long-lived
fission products
t½(my)Yield%KeVβ
99Tc.2116.0507294
126Sn.230.02364050γ
79Se.295.0508151
93Zr1.536.295691γ
135Cs2.3 6.3333269
107Pd6.5 .162933
129I15.7 .6576194γ

Caesium-135 has a half-life of 2.3 million years, undergoing low-energy beta decay to barium-135. It is one of only 7 long-lived fission products, and one of the 3 abundant ones. 135Cs's low decay energy, lack of gamma radiation, and long half-life, make this isotope less hazardous than Cs-137 or Cs-134.

Additional recommended knowledge

Its precursor Xenon-135 has a high fission yield of 6.3333%, but also has the highest known neutron capture cross section of any nuclide, so some of the Xe-135 produced in a nuclear reactor (as much as >90% at steady-state full power [1]) will be converted to stable Xenon-136 before it can decay to Cs-135. A much smaller amount of 135Cs will also be produced from nonradioactive fission product Cesium-133 by successive neutron capture to Cs-134 and then Cs-135.

135Cs's thermal neutron capture cross section and resonance integral are 8.3±0.3 and 38.1±2.6 barns respectively. [2] Disposal of Cs-135 by nuclear transmutation is difficult, because of the low cross section, because neutron irradiation of mixed-isotope fission cesium produces more Cs-135 from stable Cs-133, and because the intense medium-term radioactivity of Cs-137 makes handling difficult. [3]

See also

 
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Caesium-135". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
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