My watch list
my.chemeurope.com  
Login  

Chlorine bombings in Iraq



Main article: Iraq War

Chlorine bombings in Iraq began as early as October 2006, when insurgents in Al Anbar province started using chlorine gas in conjunction with conventional vehicle-borne explosive devices.

Additional recommended knowledge

The inaugural chlorine attacks in Iraq were described as poorly executed, probably because much of the chemical agent was rendered nontoxic by the heat of the accompanying explosives.[1] Subsequent, more refined, attacks resulted in hundreds of injuries, but have proven not to be a viable means of inflicting massive loss of life. Their primary impact has therefore been to cause widespread panic, with large numbers of civilians suffering non life-threatening, but nonetheless highly traumatic, injuries.

Chlorine was used as a poison gas in World War I, but was delivered by artillery shell, unlike the modern stationary or car bombs. Still, its function as a weapon in both instances is similar. Low level exposure results in burning sensations to the eyes, nose & throat, usually accompanied by dizziness, nausea and vomiting. Higher levels of exposure can cause fatal lung damage; but because the gas is heavier than air it will not dissipate until well after an explosion, and so it is generally considered ineffective as an improvised chemical weapon.

Attacks

  • October 21, 2006: A terrorist detonated a car bomb with 12 120 mm mortar shells and two 100-pound chlorine tanks, wounding three Iraqi policemen and a civilian in Ramadi. [2]
  • January 28, 2007: A suicide bomber drove a dump truck packed with explosives and a one-ton chlorine tank into an emergency response unit compound in Ramadi. No one appeared to have been injured by the chlorine gas, the US military said, but 16 people were killed in the blast.[3]
  • February 19, 2007: A suicide bombing in Ramadi involving chlorine killed two Iraqi security forces and wounded 16 other people.[4]
  • February 20, 2007: A bomb blew up a tanker carrying chlorine north of Baghdad, killing nine and emitting fumes that made 148 others ill, including 42 women and 52 children.[5]
  • February 21, 2007: A pickup truck carrying chlorine gas cylinders exploded in Baghdad, killing at least five people and hospitalising over 50.[6]
  • March 16, 2007: Three separate suicide attacks on this day used chlorine. The first attack occurred at a checkpoint northeast of Ramadi, when a truck bomb wounded one US service member and one Iraqi civilian. A second truck bomb detonated in Falluja, killing two policemen and leaving a hundred Iraqis showing signs of chlorine exposure. Forty minutes later, yet another chlorine-laden truck bomb exploded at the entrance to a housing estate south of Falluja, this time injuring 250 and according to some reports killing six.[7][8]
  • March 28, 2007: Suicide bombers detonated a pair of truck bombs, one containing chlorine, as part of a sustained attack aimed at the Fallujah Government Center. The initial bombings along with a subsequent gun battle left 14 American forces and 57 Iraqi forces wounded.[9][10]
  • April 6, 2007: A chlorine-laden suicide truck bomb detonated at a police checkpoint in Ramadi, leaving 27 dead. Thirty people were hospitalized with wounds from the explosion, while many more suffered breathing difficulties attributed to the chlorine gas.[11]
  • April 25, 2007: A chlorine truck bomb detonated at a military checkpoint on the western outskirts of Baghdad, killing one Iraqi and wounding two others.[12]
  • April 30, 2007: A tanker laden with chlorine exploded near a restaurant west of Ramadi, killing six people and wounding 10.[13]
  • May 20, 2007: A suicide truck bomber using chlorine gas attacked a police checkpoint in Zangora district west of Ramadi, killing between two and 11 people.[15][16][17]
  • June 3, 2007: A car bomb exploded outside a U.S. military base in Diyala, unleashing a noxious cloud of chlorine gas that sickened at least 62 soldiers but caused no serious injuries. [18]



Terrorist attacks of the Iraq War
Bombings (suicide) | Massacres | Kidnappings | Assassinations | Chemical attacks

References

  1. ^ http://www.nytimes.com/2007/02/21/world/middleeast/21cnd-baghdad.html?ex=1329714000&en=773c23f16a07847f&ei=5088&partner=rssnyt&emc=rss
  2. ^ Terrorists Using Chlorine Car Bombs to Intimidate Iraqis June 6 2007
  3. ^ http://hosted.ap.org/dynamic/stories/I/IRAQ_CHEMICAL_ATTACKS_GLANCE?SITE=AP&SECTION=HOME&TEMPLATE=DEFAULT&CTIME=2007-03-17-15-34-29
  4. ^ http://hosted.ap.org/dynamic/stories/I/IRAQ_CHEMICAL_ATTACKS_GLANCE?SITE=AP&SECTION=HOME&TEMPLATE=DEFAULT&CTIME=2007-03-17-15-34-29
  5. ^ http://www.nytimes.com/2007/02/21/world/middleeast/21cnd-baghdad.html
  6. ^ http://hosted.ap.org/dynamic/stories/I/IRAQ_CHEMICAL_ATTACKS_GLANCE?SITE=AP&SECTION=HOME&TEMPLATE=DEFAULT&CTIME=2007-03-17-15-34-29
  7. ^ http://www.nytimes.com/2007/03/17/world/middleeast/17cnd-iraq.html?ex=1176350400&en=ac7703cb47d93751&ei=5070
  8. ^ http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/middle_east/6461757.stm
  9. ^ http://www.estripes.com/article.asp?section=104&article=52288&archive=true
  10. ^ http://www.alertnet.org/thenews/newsdesk/L29374471.htm
  11. ^ http://abcnews.go.com/International/wireStory?id=3016594
  12. ^ http://www.cnn.com/2007/WORLD/meast/04/25/iraq.main//
  13. ^ http://www.nysun.com/article/53493
  14. ^ http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/middle_east/6660585.stm
  15. ^ http://www.cnn.com/2007/WORLD/meast/05/20/iraq.main/index.html
  16. ^ http://www.nytimes.com/2007/05/21/world/middleeast/21iraq.html?_r=2&ref=middleeast&oref=slogin&oref=slogin
  17. ^ http://english.people.com.cn/200705/21/eng20070521_376313.html
  18. ^ http://www.latimes.com/news/nationworld/world/la-fg-iraq4jun04,1,4149813.story?coll=la-headlines-world&track=crosspromo

See also

  • 2007 Iraq cholera outbreak
 
This article is licensed under the GNU Free Documentation License. It uses material from the Wikipedia article "Chlorine_bombings_in_Iraq". A list of authors is available in Wikipedia.
Your browser is not current. Microsoft Internet Explorer 6.0 does not support some functions on Chemie.DE